Hei Ara Ako ki te Oranga draws on many existing frameworks and writings, and in particular the work of Professor Sir Mason Durie. A series of small group interviews with learners and tutors provided initial data, and the model was refined through wānanga with Māori academics and Māori literacy providers.
The project team developed a draft conceptual model which was piloted by Māori literacy providers. The providers helped refine the model to make sure that it would be useful for
learners, their whānau, tutors and providers. The model enables the positive changes that occur for learners and their whānau following their involvement in a literacy programme to be identified. Some of the key ideas that have shaped the development of this model are:
- confidence and wellbeing are important for learners and their whānau
- individual and whānau wellbeing are interrelated
- policy makers need to find ways to legitimise and validate improved wellbeing for Māori.