Many young children watch television too long, indiscriminately, and too late into the evening. Their viewing may have an adverse effect on play and on creative and outdoor activities. At the same time, television watching often results in increased general knowledge. It may have a positive effect on language development and help with the learning of a wide range of skills. These are some of the views of teachers of new school entrants reported by Margery Renwick, Research Officer in Early Childhood Education for the New Zealand Council for Educational Research. For set 77 Margery Renwick describes the results of part of a major national study of what happens when five-year-olds start school.